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The Sea Chart

HOW AND WHERE TO FIND ROBINSON CRUSOE ISLAND

Juan Fernandez Archipelago revisited 300 years after Alexander Selkirk’s adventures For those of you with a spirit of adventure who long to travel to far flung places beyond the familiar hot spots, who want to get away from it all and experience the excitement of exploring those less familiar and remote destinations and who may

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A RISING STAR IN THE NORTH – PORT OF KAIPEDA

Klaipeda is the largest port town in Lithuania, one of the major harbours in the region and has in recent years become the largest port by turnover, and the northernmost ice-free port in the Baltics. The seaport handled 46.3 million tonnes of cargo in 2019 and is preparing for a major expansion during the next five years.

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LIST OF LIGHTS AND FOG SIGNALS – ADMIRALTY PUBLICATION

The Lists of Lights publications of every maritime nation are issued by the nation’s Hydrographic Organisation and are updated up to the latest version of the Monthly Notices to Mariners. Typically, the UK Admiralty Lists of Lights and Fog Signals include a coverage of over 85,000 light structures: lighthouses, lit float marks, fog signals and

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NAUTICAL CHART LIGHTS DEPICTION- INTRODUCTION

Since the incorporation of the Royal Charter in 1514, the seaman welfare has been placed at the forefront of the safety at sea. The correct depiction of Lighthouses, beacons and related aids to navigation, regulating initially the pilotage of the River Thames became the prime responsibility of Trinity House with its statutory duty as a

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CAPTAIN GEORGE H. RICHARDS – THE SIXTH HYDROGRAPHER

1864 – 1874 At the death of Rear Admiral Washington, the Hydrographer in 1863, the names of Captains Spratt and Richards were before the Board of Admiralty for the position of Hydrographer, the latter officer being the one selected. Due to bad health and having suffered very much from illness at Macao Captain Richards had

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JOHN WASHINGTON – HYDROGRAPHER AND FOUNDER OF THE LONDON GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY

1855 – 1863 Captain John Washington succeeded Beaufort as Hydrographer. He had been actively employed in the hydrographic service since 1841. He had recently, just before the outbreak of the war, visited Denmark, Sweden and Russia ostensibly in connection with the Lifeboat Service, but had taken the opportunity to gather intelligence about the Russian Baltic

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RЕАR ADMIRAL SIR FRANCIS BEAUFORT

1829-1855 Francis Beaufort, Parry’s successor, was certainly the longest-serving, and probably the greatest, of all the Hydrographers to date. When he was appointed in May 1829 he already had twenty-five years of sea service behind him. Beaufort’s authority was increased by two moves early in his time as Hydrographer. In 1831 a Scientific Branch of

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SIR WILLIAM EDWARD PARRY – THE THIRD HYDROGRAPHER

1823-1829 W. E. Parry was appointed Hydrographer on the 1st of December 1823, some months later after Hurd’s death. He was already a noted Arctic explorer. He pioneered the practice of wintering in ice, successfully keeping his crews’ morale and physique up during the long night of inactivity with entertainments and instructions. In October 1823

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CAPTAIN THOMAS HURD – THE FATHER OF THE HYDROGRAPHIC SERVICE (1808-1823)

Captain Thomas Hurd, one of the members of the Chart Committee, was appointed to supersede Dalrymple in May 1808. Born in 1747 in Plymouth, Thomas Hurd was destined to have a formidable career at sea. He joined the Navy as an “able seaman” in September 1768 aboard HMS Cornwall. Hurd carried on serving the Navy

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THE ORIGIN OF THE SEA CHART AND THE FIRST NATIONAL HYDROGRAPHER

The first official hydrographic survey of British waters begun in 1683, when King Charles II charted Captain Greenville Collins with carrying out a survey of the coast and waters of his kingdoms, and placed the Royal Yacht Merlin at his disposal for the work. He took ten years over this task and his surveys were

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